Skip to main content

Temperate Basses

Image © Illinois Department of Natural Resources. No photographs/images included within this information may be used on the internet, publications or any other form of media without the photographer's express permission. All rights reserved.

Temperate basses have two dorsal fins, three anal spines, a large mouth, scales, thoracic pelvic fins, a large spine on the gill cover and a small gill on the underside of the gill cover. These fishes are popular sport fishes.

striped bass (Morone saxatilis) [nonnative]

Illinois Range: statewide
Size: average 45-72” long
Habitat: lakes, reservoirs
Food: fishes, insects
Best Lures: large minnows, spoons, spinners, jigs, crankbaits

hybrid striped bass (Morone saxatilisx (Morone chrysops)
Illinois Range: statewide
Size: average 13-14" long
Habitat: large lakes, large rivers
Food: fishes, insects, crustaceans
Best Lures: large minnows, spoons, spinners, crankbaits, jigs, crayfish, lures that that look like a shad

white bass (Morone chrysops)
Illinois Range: statewide
Size: average 10" long
Habitat: large rivers, Lake Michigan, backwater lakes, natural lakes
Food: fishes
Best Lures: minnows, small spinners, small jigs with twister tails

yellow bass (Morone mississippiensi)
Illinois Range: statewide
Size: average 6-7" long
Habitat: large rivers, lakes
Food: fishes, crayfish, insects
Best Lures: minnows, worms, small spinners, small jigs with twister tails