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For Your Garden - October 2009

Fall brings a time of change for the garden. Can your garden still remain a showplace in fall and winter? If you use native wildflowers and grasses, the answer is “Yes!” These plant species are adapted to the Illinois climate, so caring for them is easy. Native grasses provide gorgeous colors and interesting shapes in fall. They provide food and shelter for native wildlife. They are perennials, so you can welcome their presence year after year.

side-oats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula)

Side-oats grama is a grass that grows in dry soil in clumps or as single stems. It does not tolerate shade. Its leaves are flat and very narrow. Reaching two to three feet in height, it blooms in August and September. The name “side-oats” was given to this plant because the double-row of seed heads is only on one side of the stem. The leaves of this plant become red-orange in fall, making an attractive highlight to the late season garden. In Illinois, this plant grows naturally on bluffs along the Mississippi River and in the northern half of the state.

Classification and taxonomy are based on Mohlenbrock, Robert H. 2014. Vascular flora of Illinois: A field guide. Fourth edition. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale. 536 pp.

Illinois Range

Native Plant Information

For more information about Illinois native plants, visit our Native Habitat Descriptions, Requirements, and Plant Lists page. The following publications are available from the IDNR on our publications page.


​Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Cyperales
Family: Poaceae

Illinois Status: common, native