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For Your Garden - February 2012

Native plants provide not only beauty but also food and shelter for wildlife. Are you using native plants in your yard and garden? Native species are adapted to the Illinois climate. They require little or no watering and are resistant to drought, insects and most diseases. Because they are perennials, you can welcome their presence year after year.

serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea)

Serviceberry is also known as shadbush or Juneberry. This small tree may grow to about 20 feet in height with a maximum trunk diameter of eight inches. It has slender branches. Its clusters of white flowers are produced from March to May before the tree’s leaves appear. Flowers each have five petals. The leaves are simple, alternate and finely toothed. The fruit is applelike, up to one-fourth inch in diameter and with a red-purple coloration. The tree grows naturally in Illinois on wooded bluffs and slopes statewide.

Classification and taxonomy are based on Mohlenbrock, Robert H. 2014. Vascular flora of Illinois: A field guide. Fourth edition. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale. 536 pp.

Illinois Range

Native Plant Information

For more information about Illinois native plants, visit our Native Habitat Descriptions, Requirements, and Plant Lists page. The following publications are available from the IDNR on our publications page.


​Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae

Illinois Status: common, native