nodding ladies’ tresses
Photo © Illinois Department of Natural Resources
Features and Behaviors
Nodding ladies’ tresses is a perennial herb. Its leaves are arranged alternately along the stem, and basal leaves are also present. Each simple leaf is entire and linear. White ﬂowers are borne in a long spike. The six-parted ﬂowers curve downward and are arranged in a double spiral. The fruit is a capsule. Nodding ladies’ tresses may attain a height of six to 18 inches.
Nodding ladies’ tresses may be found statewide in Illinois. It grows in upland forests, thickets, sand prairies, wetlands and ﬁelds. Flowers are produced from August through October. Pollination is carried out by bees, while the seeds are dispersed by wind. Fire is beneﬁcial to the sand prairie form.